What is a Computer Motherboard?

All vital internal components of a computer system are linked to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the computer motherboard. If the CPU is known as the “brains” of a pc, the motherboard will be thought of as the “heart.” In pc terminology, the motherboard can be called the logic board, mainboard, or system board. It’s commonly abbreviated as “mobo” or MB.

While a motherboard does not enhance the speed of a pc, it is likely one of the most essential parts of a computer because it links all parts that enable a pc system to function. In case you are buying a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard which serves because the backbone or backbone upon which different pc parts can be attached.

Most of a computer’s inside elements are plugged directly onto the motherboard by way of sockets or slots. A motherboard could comprise an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be used to connect an AGP video card, Peripheral Element Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for hard drives and optical drives. The computer motherboard additionally contains several ports for external peripherals like the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers and removable devices.

A pc component may be constructed into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards or Network Interface Cards (NIC). A constructed-in pc element may be disabled in favor of a more powerful version.

In particular, the pc motherboard contains a socket that can accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only assist AMD CPUs while others are only compatible with Intel processors. There may be yet no motherboard that may help all types of CPUs.

The pc motherboard additionally comprises a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge links the hard disk drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects different computer elements like the video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.

Additionally, the motherboard has a Primary Enter/Output System (BIOS) chip that checks laptop hardware like the facility provide unit and the hard disk drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip powers up the pc CPU. Once you boot up your PC, the BIOS is the primary program run by the pc earlier than bringing you to Windows or your favored operating system.

The computer motherboard additionally features a real-time battery-operated clock chip that determines time. This is the reason why they’ll still tell time correctly even if they haven’t seen any use in weeks or months.

Simply put, the motherboard serves as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and different pc hardware can meet and mingle!

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